Diabetic Eye Diseases

image of the back of an eye

Diabetes is a condition that involves high blood sugar (glucose) levels. This can affect many parts of the body, including the eyes. One of the most common diabetic eye diseases is diabetic retinopathy, which is also a leading cause of blindness in American adults.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy includes several conditions that affect the light-sensitive layer of tissue on the back of the eye, known as the retina. This tissue is responsible for capturing light and passing on images to the brain.

There are two main types of diabetic retinopathy:

  • Nonproliferative retinopathy. This is the most common type. In this condition, the tiny blood vessels (capillaries) at the back of the eye swell and form pouches. As this condition gets worse, it can starve the retina of its blood supply.
  • Proliferative retinopathy. When the retina doesn’t get enough blood, new blood vessels grow. These tend to be weak and can leak blood, which can cause vision loss or blindness.

Diabetic retinopathy can also cause vision loss when fluid leaks into the macula, the part of the retina that is responsible for the sharp, central vision. The leakage of fluid can lead to swelling of the macula (macula edema) and blurred central vision.

Glaucoma

Diabetics have a higher risk of developing glaucoma than people without diabetes. This risk increases with age and the length of time that you’ve had diabetes.

Glaucoma causes pressure to build up inside the eye, often because the fluid in the eye drains more slowly. The increased pressure can squeeze the tiny blood vessels that feed the optic nerve and retina. Over time, this can damage these structures and lead to loss of vision.

Cataracts

Cataracts are another condition that affects diabetics more often than non-diabetics. In this condition, the lens of the eye becomes cloudy, which prevents some of the light from reaching the retina.

In its early stages, treatment for cataracts may involve the use of prescription lenses. As cataracts advance, however, surgery may become necessary to remove the cataractous lens, replace it with an intraocular lens implant (IOL) and restore vision.

If you suffer from diabetes, it is particularly important to keep all your yearly eye exams, so your eye doctor can monitor the health of your eyes. If you notice changes in your vision, contact us immediately, so we can help diagnose and treat any eye conditions you may have.

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Wednesday:

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Testimonials

Reviews From Our Satisfied Patients

  • "I had such a great experience today! It was hands down the most personable and informational eye exam I have ever had and I have been wearing glasses nearly my entire life! Highly recommend!"
    MP
  • "Dr. Wegener was so great with my daughter! She had a previous experience at another optometrist's office that left her feeling pretty scared about eye exams. Dr. Wegener was patient, explained everything in detail, completed her exam without any surprises or scares, and was very encouraging when she was picking out frames. She left with a huge smile on her face, excited to start wearing glasses. Will definitely be bringing the rest of the family! Thanks, Dr. Wegener!"
    BH
  • "It was an amazing experience and they explained everything very well. Everyone made me feel super comfortable and made sure I understood what they were explaining to me. Will definitely refer everyone I know to them and I am definitely making this my permanent eye doctor office."
    CS
  • "Doctor Wegener goes above and beyond for his patients. I can't say enough good things about him. He responds extremely quickly even after hours through their Facebook page and even met us after hours for an emergency. I refer everyone I know to him."
    JJ
  • "Recently visited Dr. Wegener for our 7 year old son. We had a great experience! Dr Wegener was patient with our son's wiggles, but communicated clearly with him, in order to get a thorough exam. Dr. Wegener took care to fit our son's glasses well, which doesn't always happen at larger eyewear stores. I also appreciated all the education Dr Wegener provided. Ashley, the receptionist, is friendly and helpful, and the entire office is calm and welcoming."
    Amy H.
  • "I can't say enough great things about Doctor Wegener. He fit my son in short notice for an eye issue and met my husband on a day the office was closed for what we considered an emergency. He's incredibly kind and cares about his patients. I will recommend him to everyone"
    Joleen J.
  • "Dr. Wegener and his staff are amazing. We saw him for a second opinion and couldn't have been happier with our experience. He was extremely thorough and really got to the root of the problem. We have loved every aspect of our care and will definitely be regular patients from now on."
    Christine M.
  • "Staff is so friendly & helpful and there is a calm feel to the office which is so nice. You don't feel like you're in a cattle call waiting for your number. Dr. Wegener equally brings a relaxed, calm, yet thorough and knowledgeable experience. He is the first in all my years of eye exams and eyewear fittings who took the time to actually educate me on my eyes and care for them. You get a personal feel and know you've been heard.

    For those who avoid making phone calls to another human being for appointments - fear not! You can use messenger or texts to talk to them!

    Great experience, highly recommend!"
    Heather O.